february 2021

COVID-19: Useful scores in emergency room

Diagnosis

Coronavirus infection, unspecified

Description

Access to scales and algorithms such as: Quick COVID-19 severity index - Risk-stratification tool to predict 24-hour respiratory decompensation in admitted patients with COVID-19; Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - a clinical scale used to reliably measure a person's level of consciousness after a brain injury. RESP Score - Predicts in-hospital survival in adult patients after ECMO for acute respiratory failure. START Triage system a commonly used Mass Casualty Incident (MCI) triage system for catastrophe cenarios. JumpSTART for children. SOFA - Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) Predicts ICU mortality based on lab results and clinical data. MEWS - identifies patients at risk of deterioration who require increased levels of care in ICU. SIRS - Defines the severity of sepsis and septic shock. 4C Mortality Score for COVID-19 - Predicts in-hospital mortality in patients admitted with COVID-19. Creator: Francisco Matos Silva. David Rodrigues. Editor: David Rodrigues.

Last update: february 2021

References

Haimovich AD, Ravindra NG, Stoytchev S, Young HP, Wilson FP, van Dijk D, et al. Development and validation of the quick COVID-19 Severity Index: A prognostic tool for early clinical decompensation. Ann Emerg Med. 2020;76(4):442–53.Open Reference

The Glasgow structured approach to assessment of the Glasgow Coma Scale [Internet]. Glasgowcomascale.org. [cited 2021 Jan 19]. Available from: https://www.glasgowcomascale.orgOpen Reference

Schmidt M, Bailey M, Sheldrake J, Hodgson C, Aubron C, Rycus PT, et al. Predicting survival after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe acute respiratory failure. The Respiratory Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Survival Prediction (RESP) score. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014;189(11):1374–82.Open Reference